Hormones are crucial for proper body function as they are the chemical substances produced by the endocrine glands and transported by blood to stimulate your organs and body tissues into action.
Any hormonal imbalance can affect many body functions, so keeping your hormones in check is important for your overall health.
One of the largest endocrine glands in the body, the thyroid gland, located in the front of the neck, is in charge of many body functions such as regulating growth and development.
The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones, which control the metabolic rate in your body. In fact, this gland secretes 2 main thyroid hormones – T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). Apart from controlling your metabolism, the thyroid hormones also take part in regulating a number of other bodily functions, including your heart rate and digestion. When this gland starts to lose its proper function, it either becomes overactive and secretes thyroid hormones excessively, or it slows down, becomes sluggish and produces too little of these hormones. If the thyroid starts secreting too much of its hormones, i.e. it becomes overactive, you develop a condition known as hyperthyroidism.
Thyroid malfunction can affect several things in your body. Two most common are:
- It affects your skin quality making you more sensitive to touch, and
- It affects your weight making you lose or gain weight significantly.
According to Ashita Gupta, MD, an endocrinologist at Mount Sinai Roosevelt Hospital in New York City, excessive amount of thyroid hormones in the body often cause patients to feel nervous or anxious without any particular reason. “There’s more brain stimulation so it excites you to the point where you don’t feel good about it,” explains Dr. Gupta.