Medical aid & Treatment
Snake venom is nothing else but remarkably progressive salivary emission which is used to kill or paralyze the victim. Snake’s venom is not made to kill people. There are two main types of venom. The first one has an impact on the nerves (venom of regular krait and cobra) and the second one, on the blood. With the Polyvalent immunizing agent venom serum you can safe yourself from the bites of the Big Four – Russell’s snake, basic krait, cobra and saw-scaled snake. If you ever find yourself in situation to help somebody who is bitten by snake remember several things: don’t panic, find a doctor and get neutralizing agent venom serum.
Try to calm the victim down and pay attention to stay still.
Talk with the victim, saying that everything will be all right so the victim will not panic. This will prevent high heart rate which would lead to faster spreading of the venom through the blood flow.
Take out the rings or any items close to the bite area because it might swell.
Prevent the venom from spreading through the lymphatic system- bandage firmly, splint and immobilize. The extremity where the bite is, should be fixed with splint and the victim should keep the hand on the same level as the heart to slow down the venom flow towards the important organs. Than use a compression bandage (apply it firmly as on a twisted ankle) and cover the immobilized limb. Start from the fingers towards the armpit if the hands are affected or groin if the leg is bitten.
The victim is usually under great stress and mental anxiety, so it is crucial to keep the victim worm. Do not give the victim any kind of refreshments.
The victim should not move and prevent the victim from eating and drinking to slow down the digestion. The best tip is –no food, no water.
DO NOT COVER THE BITE AND THE BITE MARKS and clean the area with germicide.
Try to draw the venom out of the bite marks with suction instruments. It is well known that with a suction of more than 270 mmHg of venom you can reduce its spreading. Suction instruments are also found in business snakebite packs. This instrument should be kept inside the bite for 5 minutes.
The antidote venom serum is the key solution against snake bites and can be found in majority of medical institutions. Some private hospitals have the antidote as well and are treating snakebites.
How NOT to Treat Snakebite
- Never apply ice or something cold on the bite because it is proven as harmful.
- Do not use string, electric cable or rubber tourniquets as they may stop the blood flow which can lead to amputation of the affected limb.
- Electric shock is forbidden too as it is not yet been proven as effective and could worsen the victim’s condition.
- Do not open the bite area as this treatment is not proven as effective and can cause loss of blood, additional injury, infection etc.
- Never burn the wound, as this will not prevent the venom from spreading through the blood stream.
- Never suck the wound with mouth, use a suction device to draw the venom out.
- You should never use Potassium permanganate
Think About Snakebite
Every snakebite is not lethal because not every snake is venomous so you don’t need to panic immediately.
Actually, even a bite from venomous snake is not lethal most of the time- it depends on various components as snake’s size, for how long lasted the bite, whether it was dry or not, how old was the victim etc.
Immediate treatment will enable person to get more time for the victim to get the help.
Antidote venom serum infusion is the main cure.
Emergency treatment – if not done properly it could worsen the situation rather than help.
Step by step instructions to Prevent a Snake Bite
Any unfamiliar snake is dangerous so avoid playing with snakes, and stay far away from any kind of snake-small, not moving, dead. If you cut its head you may be safe. Also find about what kind of snakes can be found in the area where you live.
During the evening use torchlight-harmful snakes are active during the night. Especially be careful around trees, tall plants, near brambles …
Snakes normally don’t bite if not provoked:
Cobra – lifts up the front part of the body (1/3), opens the hood, makes a noise, and attacks the victim.
Snakes – make a whining noise from a tail; curve the front body part like crisscross.
If you meet a snake go back without doing sudden movements, do not turn the back to the snake, never run and let the snake to go away.
Never assume whether the snake near you is venomous or not. Every snake bite should be treated as venomous because some snakebite (common krait) does not have immediate effect even if the bite is serious so you must immediately go to the hospital.
Not every snake bite is lethal-a lot of venomous snakes (85% of the snakes are not venomous) make a dry bite. Even if it is a full bite, with proper medical care and medicines the victim can be cured completely. There are a very few cases when a snake bite was lethal. For example every mosquito doesn’t cause malaria and every snakebite is not deadly.
Do not try to kill the snake in order to take it to the hospital because this will prolong the patient’s arrival to the hospital and this is also dangerous for the person who will try to kill the snake. If the doctor is competent he will recognize the type of the snake by the symptoms and from the tests.