With the arrival of spring the risk of disease transmitted by infected ticks increases, so experts urge caution and personal protection from ticks when going in nature.
The most common diseases transmitted by ticks are Lyme borreliosis and tick-borne encephalitis, and risk group exposed to ticks are people who professionally or recreationally stay out of the areas where there are natural foci of ticks, such as foresters, forest workers, soldiers, hikers, hunters and tourists.
Ticks transmit Lyme borreliosis – bacterial disease characterized by redness of the skin or oval ring shape that spreads, with pallor in the middle.
The second most common disease transmitted by infected ticks is a meningoencephalitis.
This disease is characterized by fever, headache, fatigue, malaise and muscle aches. In a small number of patients the disease can affect the cerebral membrane, as indicated by symptoms such as strong headache; neck stiffness, nausea and vomiting, and can lead to inflammation of the brain with disturbed consciousness.
It is fortunate that only a small number of ticks infected pests when feeding on forest animals. For the activity of ticks favorable temperature and humidity is important, so it is highest in the spring and early summer, and can be found in both early fall.
HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF?
Experts recommend that people going in nature should protect themselves with suitable clothing and footwear – long sleeves and trousers tucked into socks and closed shoes. You must walk the marked trails and avoid crawling through the bushes, lying on the ground, and disposal of garments on shrubs and ground.
They also recommend applying the funds deducted ticks on the exposed parts of the body, as well as mandatory review and showering after returning from nature.
If you find yourself a tick on skin or clothing, remove it immediately. During this process, pay attention to areas of the body with softer skin – the area behind the ear, back of the head, neck, groin, breast, armpits, behind the knee and navel, while the children tick can often be found on the head.