One of the most important minerals for the body, potassium plays a vital role for many systems in the body, especially the nervous, muscular and cardiovascular system. Potassium is an electrolyte that lessens the effects of sodium, thus supporting a healthy blood pressure. Plus, it’s in charge of maintaining the internal acid-alkaline balance.
When the potassium levels in the body decrease, it triggers a number of health issues including muscle cramps or weakness, nausea, diarrhea, frequent urination, dehydration, low blood pressure, confusion, irritability, paralysis, and changes in heart rhythm.
As potassium can easily be supplemented through proper diet, knowing the deficiency symptoms can help you replenish this vitamin in time and thus cut down your risk of more serious health complications.
COMMON POTASSIUM DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS
- Heart Palpitations
Irregular heart beat can be caused by several factors including low potassium levels. Normally, these heart palpitations from very slight to very noticeable, so in case you have this symptom, it’s highly recommended to regularly check on the frequency and make any necessary changes in your diet.
Chronic fatigue that doesn’t go away even when you’re getting enough rest is one of the most common symptoms of low potassium. This type of fatigue differs from the one resulting from overexertion. It normally affects your whole body for no obvious reason.
- Faintness or Dizziness
When potassium levels in your body drop drastically, your heartbeat slows down, and this can lead to faintness or dizziness. There’s a wide array of factors that can trigger this condition, so if you ever experience it, it’s best to see a doctor as soon as possible.
- High Blood Pressure
As mentioned above, potassium plays a key role in the proper function of the cardiovascular system. In fact, this mineral keeps the blood vessels loose. When potassium levels drop, blood vessels can tighten up leading to high blood pressure. In case your blood pressure is high, checking your potassium levels among other tests is highly recommended.
- Muscle Weakness
The proper function of the muscular system largely depends on potassium because this mineral ensures smooth muscle contraction. Low potassium levels, on the other hand, trigger spasms and aches.
- Numbness and Tingling
Numbness and tingling are also common signs that your body is low in potassium because it’s this mineral that accounts for healthy nerves. When it’s deficient, you are likely to often have that annoying feeling of tingling in your arms and legs.
As potassium deficiency interferes with many bodily functions in a way that it slows them down, this also applies to the digestive system. Low potassium levels in the body can cause a number of digestive issues including constipation, abdominal cramping and bloating.