A period is just a sign that a woman’s reproductive system is working properly. This monthly shedding of the uterine lining is a different experience for all woman – heavy or light, painful or painless, periods are generally uncomfortable, sometimes even inconvenient. Although over time, each woman gets a feel for her period, it’s important to know when your period is sending signals that something is wrong.
THE POPULAR PMS
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a collection of symptoms which occur in a cycle, depending on the phases of the menstrual cycle. It is accompanied by psychological and physical problems most frequently occurring 7 – 10 days before menstruation and disappearing a few hours after the first bleeding.
HOW PAINFUL SHOULD YOUR PERIOD BE?
According to gynecologists, a moderate menstrual pain is not a reason for fear. This pain is caused by contractions of the uterus, which is nothing but a physiological phenomenon.
However, when this pain is quite intense, it may indicate endometriosis, a gynecological condition in which the lining of the uterus, which is usually shed monthly, is implanted outside the uterus. The condition is accompanied with chronic pelvic pain and can even lead to infertility.
This benign condition progresses rapidly, and occurs when the lining of the uterus is implanted elsewhere, including the abdominal sac, the pelvic walls, or the fallopian tube. It is normally detected via ultrasound and gynecological examination, and is treated with medications, surgically or with a combination of these two methods.
WHAT IF THERE’S NO PAIN AT ALL? IS THIS NORMAL?
Just as giving birth is a different experience for all woman who have gone through this, the same goes for menstruation. A painless period is normally the result of mediators which block the contractions of the uterus, thus blocking the pain. This is no reason for concern.
For pain relief, analgesics are generally recommended, but only in moderate doses so as to avoid stomach problems. The best thing to do is take some analgesic along with vitamin C and vitamin E a couple of days before a period in order to prepare your body for this and also relieve the discomfort and pain.
Many women also feel some pressure in the head and chest, dizziness, and confusion.
DOES THE BLOOD COLOR MATTER?
Women normally get frightened when they notice that the blood color changes from dark to brighter or vice versa.
Gynecologists explain that the blood color is not an indicator of a health issue. The blood color generally depends on the amount of blood in the uterus. Sometimes a lot of blood accumulates before a period starts and this causes a darker color. When the blood is fresh, it is brighter. However, there’s another thing that matters and that’s the amount of bleeding. If you bleed heavily and over a week, you definitely need a gynecological examination because it can be a sign of fibroids or hormonal disorders.
ARE CLOTS DANGEROUS?
If clots occur repeatedly, and the period lasts more than a week, again, it’s extremely important to see a gynecologist as these clots can be caused by fibroids, benign tumors or hormonal imbalances.