by Magde 35 views0

  1. Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women affecting 1 in 8 women. It normally develops after menopause, though it can appear even earlier. This cancer has the largest incidence among women, but it can develop in men as well. Only in the US, nearly 2,000 men are diagnosed with breast cancer each year. The most common symptoms include:

  • partial or entire swelling of the breast
  • irritation of the breast skin
  • dimpling of the breast
  • pain in the breast
  • pain in the nipple or the nipple turning inward
  • redness or thickening of the nipple or breast skin
  • nipple discharge excluding breast milk
  • lumps in the armpit area
  1. Prostate Cancer

Just as breast cancer in the most common cancer in women, prostate cancer is the most typical cancer in men. It develops when cells in the prostate gland start to grow abnormally and uncontrollably. This walnut-sized gland, found at the base of the bladder, secretes fluid that nourishes and carries sperm. Unlike most other cancers, prostate cancer develops very slowly, and can be harmless for years before it starts compromising the urinary function, which only occurs when the prostate has grown large enough to affect the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis). According to statistical data, 1 in 8 men possibly develop cancer cells in their prostate at some point of their life. The most typical symptoms include:

  • an increased need to urinate, straining while urinating and a feeling that your bladder has not fully emptied
  • blood in the urine
  • erectile dysfunction
  • hip, back, or chest pain when the cancer has spread to the bones
  • weakness or numbness in the legs or feet,
  • loss of bladder or bowel control from cancer pressing on the spinal cord


  1. Cervical Cancer

This type of cancer affects the cervix, the lower part of the uterus which leads to the vagina. Cervical cancer normally gives no symptoms in its early stages. Even if some symptoms appear, these will include unusual vaginal bleeding, normally after sex, between periods or after menopause. Although irregular bleeding does not necessarily imply cervical cancer, it definitely requires immediate medical attention. In case your doctor suspects a possibility of cervical cancer, you should get a referral to a specialist within two weeks. The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are:

  • abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • vaginal discharge with distinctive unpleasant odor
  • watery vaginal discharge
  • bloody vaginal discharge
  • pelvic or back pain
  • pain during sex
  • problems urinating
  • problems defecating
  • swelling of the legs

  1. Oral Cancer

Mouth or oral cancer occurs when a tumor starts developing on the surface of the tongue, mouth, lips or gums. Though rarely, tumors can also appear in the salivary glands, tonsils and the pharynx. Cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover body organs is called a carcinoma and this type of cancer is categorized by the type of cells the cancer appears in. The most common type of oral cancer is squamous cell carcinoma, accounting for 90% of cases. This cancer affects the squamous cells, which are found in many places around the body, including the inside of the mouth and the outer layer of the skin. The most common symptoms include:

  • an ulcer in your mouth or on your lip
  • a pain or discomfort in your mouth
  • red or white patches in your mouth
  • a lump on your lip, tongue or in your neck
  • bad breath
  • unexplained bleeding in your mouth
  • numbness of your tongue or other parts of your mouth
  • loose teeth
  • changes in your voice – it may sound hoarse or quieter or you may slur your words


  1. Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is defined as abnormal growth of skin cells, normally the result of mutations caused by unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells. There are many factors that cause the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors and the most common include UV sun radiation, tanning beds, and genetic defects. The 3 main types of skin cancer are basal cell skin cancer, squamous cell skin cancer and melanoma skin cancer. The typical symptoms include:

  • appearance of a hard, red lump
  • skin bleeding
  • appearance of a crust or scab
  • itchiness
  • a flat, red spot which is scaly and crusty
  • appearance of a painless ulcer
  • raised skin in the area of the cancer
  • skin tenderness to touch

Source: Healthy Life Tricks